Ectopic Pregnancy – everything you need to know
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the uterus. In a normal pregnancy, a fertilised egg would travel through the fallopian tube before implanting in the uterus.
“Imagine you’ve got a pipe and you’re running balls down that pipe, but then imagine if, in that pipe, you have a little bit of rust deposit – now when you try to run this ball through the pipe, it gets stuck, so it stays there. If for whatever reason there’s scarring [in the tube], and the embryo gets stuck, then obviously it can continue to grow there.” says Dr Joseph Sgroi – obstetrician, fertility specialist and gynaecologist.
Unwelcome side effects of pregnancy
There are many unwanted – and un-talked-about side effects of pregnancy.
It is very common for women to experience increased hair growth during pregnancy. Along with thicker hair on your head, “it’s often an unwelcome side effect when hair appears on your tummy, bottom, nipples or face.”
Pregnancy hormones can make hair return, even after laser hair removal.
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Coffee during breastfeeding pregnancy and beyond
You can still get your daily caffeine fix when you’re pregnant, just in moderation. One or two cups per two day is perfectly safe for both mum and bub.
A regular sized latte or a long black stays within the recommended 200mg per day, with a single coffee shot containing around 80-90mg, says Dr Joseph Sgroi
Moderate alcohol consumption improves male fertility, study finds
“For men, the recommended guidelines for alcohol consumption are more relaxed than they are for women when trying to conceive,” he says. Although Dr Joseph Sgroi is quick to point out this doesn’t mean carte blanche for men.
“This isn’t reason for fellas to book a regular night out at the pub to boost their fertility,” he states. “It is important to note that the subjects of this recent study self-reported their own alcohol intake which is a limitation of the research data, so more research is needed to know what the impact really is.”
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6 questions your gynaecologist wants you to ask
Bleeding for longer than seven days, through clothing and in-between cycles should always be investigated further, says gynaecologist and obstetrician Dr Joseph Sgroi.
It’s also important to note that while painful periods are common, they’re not normal. “You may have concerns that are indicative of endometriosis, [a disease] which is exceptionally poorly-diagnosed by general practitioners and gynaecologists alike. It can be quite debilitating for a lot of women, so if you have symptoms, raise them with your doctor.
What’s the deal with super weird pregnancy cravings?
Weird pregnancy cravings are a very real and very strange part of pregnancy.
According to Libby Conn, a clinical nurse/midwife specialist who works with Dr Joseph Sgroi in Melbourne, pregnancy cravings are linked to possible deficiencies in the body, hormone fluctuation and altered sensation in taste and smell.
More women are freezing their eggs. And it makes a lot of sense
Egg freezing is like taking out insurance for your fertility, Melbourne obstetrician Dr Joseph Sgroi explains. To obtain eggs for freezing in what’s called an egg retrieval, a woman undergoes hormonal stimulation over 10–12 days which stimulates a group of eggs to mature. A stimulated cycle usually results in the collection of 10-12 eggs (10-20 eggs in women younger than 35).
Around 15-20 eggs are required to generate a single pregnancy.
Mum keeps unborn baby alive by drinking water
9 litres of water a day is what the mum was drinking to keep her baby alive… Can you imagine the toilet trips?
While water may replenish amniotic fluid around a baby, I do not recommend this level of water intake for any woman, pregnant or otherwise.
“First off, [we need] to understand the fluid around baby. The fluid is actually the baby’s wee. That’s right, the baby is swimming around in his own urine. The baby swallows this fluid and some of it is absorbed by the membranes that surround baby.”
If a woman’s waters break prematurely, the amniotic fluid is likely to continue to leak. This replacement strategy of drinking 9 litres a day, won’t necessarily work.
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This is the pregnancy phobia no one is talking about
Obstetrician Dr Joseph Sgroi at Epworth Freemasons in Melbourne says telling a woman she has tokophobia may actually make things worse.
“I don’t label someone by saying, ‘I think you’re fearful of birth,’ because I think that’s detrimental to being able to support and counsel my patients. Creating trust and rapport during the pregnancy is an important part of helping my patients overcome their fears.”