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Flying during pregnancy


During your first (up to 12 weeks) and second trimesters (12-27 weeks) you are very safe to travel in an aeroplane without any airlines having any issue with you flying whilst pregnant.  However you should always discuss with me if you have had any spotting, diabetes, high blood pressure or a previous premature birth. Generally if you’re carrying one baby and you’ve had an uncomplicated pregnancy then the airlines will let you fly internationally up to 36 weeks of pregnancy and up to 32 weeks if you have an uncomplicated pregnancy with twins or more. […]

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Pain Relief in Labour


How painful is labour / child-birth?What pain relief can you have in labour / child birth? This is are the million dollar questions women always ask me during antenatal visits, and can be very difficult to answer! Unfortunately there is no generic answer to this and is very different for every woman. Many factors can influence this, particularly how your baby is positioned in your uterus and how big baby is relative to your pelvic area. The pain you may feel usually starts off mild, and gradually increases in frequency and intensity as you progress […]

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Stretch marks (striae gravidarum)


Unfortunately the gift of pregnancy can sometimes be accompanied by a few unwanted side effects, such as stretch marks! Stretch marks are purple-red streaks that appear in overstretched skin. Most women get them, perhaps during puberty and/or pregnancy, when the skin is rapidly accommodating some fast growth of our bodies. Even men can get them, when the skin is stretched beyond its elastic limit, usually due to weight gain. The primary cause is stretching of the skin due to underlying tissue expansion. Parallel inflammatory streaks appear and align perpendicular to the direction of skin tension. […]

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If you’re not doing it already its time to start NOW!


This is the one of the most important things I remind all my patients that are preparing for pregnancy, are already pregnant, and when I see them after the birth of their baby. So what is it? Pelvic floor exercises….An absolute must for all women and particularly pregnant women! What is the Pelvic floor? It’s a group of muscles and ligaments that support the bladder, uterus (womb) and bowel.  The openings from these organs, the urethra from the bladder, the vagina from the uterus, and the anus from the bowel pass through the pelvic floor. […]

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Metformin use in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)


As a Gynaecologist, Fertility and Melbourne IVF Specialist I often am asked what role metformin plays in PCOS. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and insulin resistance In some patients, PCOS results in insulin resistance and impaired glucose intolerance or diabetes. During the luteal phase follicular recruitment is aided by a reduction in the LH pulse frequency. Insulin resistance and increased LH frequency results in increased ovarian androgen production which ultimately results in arrested follicular development. Metformin decreases insulin resistance by the following mechanisms: decrease hepatic glucose production; decrease intestinal absorption of glucose and increased peripheral insulin […]

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Pregnancy Beauty Routine


Congratulations you are pregnant; but does this mean you need to stop maintaining your normal beauty routine? General Beauty Tips: Any chemical when taken in large doses can be harmful to mother and baby. However most beauty products contain only small amounts of chemicals and aren’t readily absorbed by intact skin. You can minimise the risk by limiting the exposure of these chemicals to your skin and how often you use them. Of course if you have any concerns it is always best to ask your obstetrician in Melbourne. Hair Dye: For those women who […]

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Egg Freezing


I want to have a baby one day (just not now) should I freeze my eggs? This is a question I am asked almost daily as a fertility and IVF specialist in Melbourne.  If you are thinking about children in your future but are concerned that it may be approaching the end of your most fertile years, then freezing your eggs may be a good safeguard to give you a greater opportunity to have a child or children in the future. Women are most fertile from age 20-35, with an abundance of egg reserves and […]

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Food Safety In Pregnancy


Safe eating in pregnancy: As soon as you find out your pregnant naturally you will start to consider more what foods and nutrients are going into your body to prepare you well for pregnancy and birth and to support your rapidly growing and developing baby. Feel free to ask me or your obstetrician about any concerns you might have. First, lets start with food best avoided during pregnancy and why: Meat, Poultry & Seafood: Processed meats (e.g salami, ham, chicken slices) Any raw meat Cold meats in a salad bar Raw seafood or ready-to-eat prawns […]

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Doctors weigh in on years-long ‘syndrome’ suffered by mums after birth


Dr Joseph Sgroi, spokesperson for the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, agrees that many women suffer during pregnancy and childbirth. “Mood disturbance, loss of interest and guilty feelings [frequently] occur,” he says. “There’s this grey area that eventually gets darker and darker to the point of depression.” But Dr Sgroi says that until large studies have been conducted before “postnatal depletion” could become part of the medical vernacular. Read more

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Choosing The Best Obstetrician


How to choose the best Obstetrician for you Congratulations, the second line is definitely there on your pregnancy test, the blood test has confirmed it, and the next step is to decide where you are going to have your baby and who will deliver it for you. The main decision you need to make is will you choose to go Private or Public? Public: You don’t need to have private health insurance and you will have your antenatal (pre-birth) appointments in the nearest maternity hospital in the area that you live.  You will also birth […]

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IVF Pregnancy rates double for women over 40 using new technology


Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis or Screening (PGD or PGS) can be used to dramatically improve pregnancy rates for women over the age of 40. The embryo’s DNA is sampled, allowing for the selection of a single chromosomally normal (euploid) embryo to be transferred For further information and to discuss how this can assist you please contact Dr Joseph Sgroi .

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